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          您現在的位置:廣州成考網 > 備考資料 > 專升本試題 > 2018年成人高考英語備考題第一篇

          2018年成人高考英語備考題第一篇

          更新時間:2017-12-31 17:21:48 來自:廣州成考網 廣州成考網:資訊更全面,成考更專業

          導讀:英語備考題及其參考答案。

            一、語音知識(共5小題;每題1.5分,共7.5分。)

            在下列每組單詞中,有一個單詞的劃線部分與其他單詞的劃線部分的讀音不同。找出這個詞,并把它前面的大寫字母填入左邊括號里。

            ( )1.A.straight B.prefer C.enough D.fall

            ( )2.A.low B.though C.knowledge D.sold

            ( )3.A.calm B.hall C.talk D.ball

            ( )4.A.already B.each C.league D.weak

            ( )5.A.produce B.true C.computer D.news

           

            二、詞匯與語法知識(共25小題;每題1.5分,共37.5分。)

            從每小題的四個選擇項中,選出最佳的一項,并把它前面的大寫字母填入左邊的括號里。

            ( )6.Are you sure you don‘t have _______ advice to give me?I really need _______.

            A.any;any

            B.some;any

            C.any;some

            D.any;some

            ( )7.When we saw his face, we knew _______ was bad.

            A.the news

            B.some news

            C.a news

            D.news

            ( )8.The number of students in our school ________.

            A.increased

            B.is increased

            C.has increased

            D.are increased

            ( )9.________ your step,or you might fall into the water.

            A.See

            B.Watch

            C.Miss

            D.Look at

            ( )10.The meeting _______.

            A.is to put off

            B.is going to put off

            C.is to be put off

            D.will put off

            ( )11.Since the road is wet this morning,last night _______.

            A.it must be raining

            B.it must rain

            C.it must have rained

            D.it must have been rained

            ( )12.Nothing could stop _______.

            A.him come

            B.that the came

            C.him from coming

            D.him to come

            ( )13.The noise of desks _______ could be heard out in the street.

            A.opened and closed

            B.to be opened and closed

            C.being opened and closed

            D.having been opened and closed

            ( )14.The medicine will ______ you good.

            A.do

            B.save

            C.give

            D.help

            ( )15.A few years later,I found my hometown completely _______.

            A.changed

            B.changing

            C.to be changed

            D.to change

            ( )16.This novel is worthy of_______.

            A.reading

            B.read

            C.having read

            D.being read

            ( )17.It is very kind ______ see me.

            A.from you to

            B.as

            C.as if

            D.like that

            ( )18.It looks _______ it‘s going to rain.

            A.that

            B.as

            C.as if

            D.like that

            ( )19.The stone was so heavy that it was difficult for the old man to ______ it.

            A.lift

            B.reach

            C.rise

            D.touch

            ( )20.They lives ______ the other side of the road.

            A.in

            B.on

            C.for

            D.by

            ( )21.She can speak Japanese better than ________else.

            A.the one

            B.no one

            C.anyone

            D.another

            ( )22.This lesson is _______ than the last one.

            A.more easier

            B.more easy

            C.very easier

            D.much easier

            ( )23.Today‘s weather isn’t as cold as it was yesterday, ________?

            A.wasn‘t

            B.is it

            C.was it

            D.isn‘t it

            ( )24.This book is for students ______ native language is not English.

            A.of whom

            B.that

            C.which

            D.whose

            ( )25.You may not go out _______ your work is done.

            A.before

            B.until

            C.where

            D.as

            ( )26.Look what Father_______ me when he came from work.

            A.brought

            B.took

            C.carried

            D.fetched

            ( )27.Nobody knew _______ there.

            A.how long time I had been

            B.how long had I been

            C.how long time had I been

            D.how long I had been

            ( )28.The harder he studies,_______.

            A.he‘ll make great progress

            B.the greater progress he‘ll make

            C.he‘ll make greater progress

            D.the greater he‘ll make progress

            ( )29.________,I would have gone to see him.

            A.Have I had time

            B.Had I time

            C.Had I had time

            D.would I have had

            ( )30. He didn‘t go to France,the doctor suggested that he _______there.

            A.won‘t go

            B.not go

            C.not to go

            D.didn‘t go

           

            三、完形填空(共20小題;每題1.5分,共30分。)通讀下面的短文,掌握其大意。從每小題的四個選項中選出可填入相應空白處的最佳選擇,并把它前面的大寫字母填入左邊括號里。

            I hand been sitting by myself in my usual compartment for at least ten minutes,waiting __31__. The trains from Littlebury never seemed to start __32__ and I often thought that I could have __33__ in bed a little longer or had __34__ cup of tea before __35__. Suddenly I heard someone shouting __36__ the platform outside. A young girl was running towards the train. The man __37__ put out his hand to stop her but she ran past him and opened the door of my compartment. Then the whistle blew and the train started.

            “I nearly missed it,__38__?”the girl said.“How long does it take to __39_ London?”“It depends on the __40__.” I said. “Some days it‘s __41__ others.”

            “I‘ll have to have my watch mended,__42__ late again tomorrow,”she said. “It’s my first day __43__ with a new firm today and they told me that the man __44__ is very strict. I __45__ him yet so I don‘t know __46__ but he sounds a bit frightening.”

            She talked about her new job __47__ the way to London and before long,I realized that she was going to work for my firm. My __48__ secretary had just left so I must be her new boss. __49__ only fair to tell her.

            “Oh,dear,”she said. “__50__ mistake!I wish I had known.”

            “Never mind,”I said. “At least you‘ll know when your train’s late that mine will be,too.”

            ( )31.A. the train to start

            B.for the train start

            C.the train‘s start

            D.for the train to start

            ( )32.A. on their hour

            B. on time

            C. at their hour

            D. at time

            ( )33.A. lain

            B. laid

            C. lied

            D. lay

            ( )34.A. other

            B. some other

            C. another

            D. one other

            ( )35.A. I had left the home

            B. leave from home

            C. leaving home

            D. to leave home

            ( )36.A. at

            B. by

            C. in

            D. on

            ( )37.A. at place

            B. on duty

            C. for control

            D. in post

            ( )38.A. haven‘t I

            B. don‘t I

            C. wasn‘t I

            D. didn‘t I

            ( )39.A. get to

            B. arrive to

            C. reach to

            D. make to

            ( )40.A. driver to the engine

            B. driver engine

            C. engineer‘s driver

            D. engine driver

            ( )41.A. far slower that

            B. much slower than

            C. a lot more slow than

            D. a great deal more slow that

            ( )42.A. in order not be

            B. so as not to be

            C. for not being

            D. so that it‘s not

            ( )43.A. at job

            B. in job

            C. in work

            D. at work

            ( )44.A. I‘m going to work for

            B. what I‘m going to work for

            C. for which I‘m going to work

            D. which I‘m going to work for

            ( )45.A. didn‘t meet

            B. haven‘t met

            C. didn‘t know

            D. haven‘t known

            ( )46.A. what he is like

            B. what is he like

            C. how he is

            D. how is he

            ( )47.A. through

            B. by

            C. on

            D. in

            ( )48.A. proper

            B. own

            C. same

            D. self

            ( )49.A. There was

            B. That was

            C. It was

            D. Was

            ( )50.A. What a terrible

            B. What terrible

            C. How terrible

            D. So terrible a

           

            四、閱讀理解(共15小題;每題2分,共30分。)

            閱讀下列短文,然后根據短文的內容從每小題的四個選擇項中選出最佳的一項,并把它前面的大寫字母填入左邊的括號里。

            A

            Jimmy was five years old and his brother,Billy,was only a baby. One morning his mother waited for an important telephone call for hours,but nobody called. There was no bread in the house and she had to go out to buy some. Jimmy stayed at home to look after the baby. When the mother was out,the telephone rang and Jimmy answered.

            Mr. Baker:Hello!May I speak to Mrs. White?

            Jimmy:Sorry,Mother is out.

            Mr. Baker:Well,when she comes back,say to her,“Mr. Baker called.”

            Jimmy:What?

            Mr. Baker:Mr. Baker. Write it down. B-A-K-E-R.

            Jimmy:How do you write B?

            Mr. Baker:How do I write…?Listen,little boy,is there anybody else with you?Any brothers or sisters?

            Jimmy:Yes,my brother Billy is here.

            Mr. Baker:Good. I want to talk to him,please.

            Jimmy:All right. Jimmy took the telephone to the baby‘s bed and put it beside its head. Not long after that his mother came back.

            Mother:Did anybody call?

            Jimmy:Yes,a man called. But he only wanted to talk to Billy.

            ( )51. Jimmy‘s mother waited for ________.

            A. an important man

            B. a good friend

            C. a telephone call

            D. a piece of good news

            ( )52. Jimmy‘s mother went out because ________.

            A. she waited for hours

            B. nobody called

            C. she had to buy some bread

            D. she had to buy some milk

            ( )53. Jimmy couldn‘t write down Mr. Baker’s name because ________.

            A. he had no pen or paper

            B. he couldn‘t read or write

            C. he had to look after the baby

            D. he had to play with his brother

            ( )54. Mr. Baker wanted to talk to ________.

            A. a child older than Jimmy

            B. a child younger than Jimmy

            C. Jimmy‘s brother Billy

            D. Jimmy‘s sister Betty

            B

            The cowboy is the hero of many movies. He is,even today,a symbol of courage and adventure. But what was the life of the cowboy really like?

            The cowboy‘s job is clear from the word “cowboy”。Cowboys were men who took care of cows and other cattle. The cattle were in the West and in Texas. People in the cities of the East wanted beef from these cattle. Trains could take the cattle east. But first the cattle had to get to the trains. Part of the cowboy’s job was to take the cattle hundreds of miles to the railroad towns.

            The trips were called cattle drives. A cattle drive usually took several months. Cowboys rode for sixteen hours a day. Because they rode so much, each cowboy brought along about eight horses. A cowboy changed horses several times each day.

            The cowboys had to make sure that the cattle arrived safely. Before starting on a drive,the cowboys branded the cattle. They burned a make on the cattle to show who they belonged to. But these marks didn‘t stop rustlers,or cattle thieves. Cowboys had to protect the cattle from rustlers. Rustlers made the dangerous trip even more dangerous.

            Even though their work was very difficult and dangerous,cowboys did not earn much money. They were paid bally. Yet cowboys liked their way of life. They lived in a wild and open country. They lived a life of adventure and freedom.

            ( )55. The cowboy‘s job was ________.

            A. to be a hero

            B. to take care of cattle

            C. to be a rustler

            D. to be a driver

            ( )56. Cowboys ________.

            A. made a lot of money

            B. had a difficult job

            C. did not like their way of life

            D. were rich

            ( )57. When you do something new exciting,you have ________.

            A. a symbol

            B. an adventure

            C. a job

            D. a trip

            ( )58. The cowboy was the most important person in the movie. He was the ________.

            A. chief

            B. rustler

            C. hero

            D. president

            C

            Uncle Sam is a tall,thin man. He‘s an older man with white hair and a white beard. He often wears a tall hat,a bow tie, and the stars and stripes of the American flag.

            Who is this strange,looking man?Would you believe that Uncle Sam is the US government?But why do you call the US government Uncle Sam?

            During the War of 1812,the US government hired meat packers to provide meat to the army. One of these meat packers was a man named Samuel Wilson. Samuel was a friendly and fair man. Everyone liked him and called him Uncle Sam.

            Sam Wilson stamped the boxes of meat for the army with a large US for United States. Some government inspectors came to look over Sam‘s company. They asked a worker what the US on the boxes stood for. As a joke,the worker answered that these letters stood for the name of his boss,Uncle Sam.

            The joke spread,and soldiers began saying that their food came from Uncle Sam. Before long,people called all things that came from the government “Uncle Sam‘s”,“Uncle Sam” became a nickname for the US government.

            Soon there were drawings and cartoons of Uncle Sam in newspapers. In these early pictures,Uncle Sam was a young man. He wore stars and stripes,but his hair was dark and he had not a beard. The beard was added when Abraham Lincoln was President. President Lincoln had a beard.

            The most famous picture of Uncle Sam is on a poster from World War I. The government needed men to fight in the war. In the poster,a very serious Uncle Sam points his finger and says “I want YOU for the US Army.”

            ( )59. “Uncle Sam” became a ________ for the US government.

            A. boss

            B. nickname

            C. picture

            D. businessmen

            ( )60. Uncle Sam often wears tall hat,________ and the stars and stripes of the American flag.

            A. dark hair

            B. a bow tie

            C. a box

            D. a shirt

            ( )61. Government inspectors came to ________ Sam‘s meat-packing company.

            A. ask

            B. stand for

            C. look over

            D. see

            ( )62. In the drawing and cartoons of Uncle Sam ________.

            A. he wore the stars and stripes

            B. the never had a beard

            C. he had no hair

            D. he wore a bow tie

            D

            The Red Cross is an international organization which cares for people who are in need of help. A man in Paris hospital who needs blood,a woman in Mexico who was injured in an earthquake,and a family in India that lost their home in a storm may all be aided by the Red Cross.

            The Red Cross exists in almost every country around the globe. The world Red Cross organizations are sometimes called the Red Crescent,the Red Mogen David,the Sun,and the Red Lion. All of these agencies share a common goal of trying to help people in need.

            The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and wounded during a war started with Jean Henri Dunant. In 1859,he observed how people were suffering on a battle field in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people regardless of which side they were fighting for. The most important result of his work was an international treaty called the Geneva Convention. It protects prisoners of way the sick and wounded,and other citizens during a war.

            The American Red Cross was set up by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of services for the public,such as helping people in need,teaching first aid and providing blood.

            ( )63. A good title for this selection is _______.

            A. People in Need of Help

            B. Safety and Protection

            C. The International Red Cross

            D. Forming an Organization to Help People

            ( )64. The word “aided” in the first paragraph means ________.

            A. needed

            B. helped

            C. caught

            D. protected

            ( )65. We may draw a conclusion that _______ during a war.

            A. the Red Cross only protects the wounded

            B. the Red Cross only helps prisoners of war

            C. the Red Cross only helps citizens

            D. the Red Cross helps all the people in need no matter which side they are fighting for

           

            五、補全對話(共5句;每句滿分為3分,共15分。)

            根據中文提示,將對話中缺少的內容寫在線上。這些句子必須符合英語表達習慣。打句號的地方,用陳述句;打問號的地方,用疑問句。

            提示:一個中國人正在和一個剛剛到達中國的美國人聊在,中國人詢問他這次旅行的情況,如:到達的時間、怎么來的、旅行是否愉快、累不累、現住何處,并在分手時祝他睡個好覺。

            Chinese :________66__________?

            American:Yes, this morning. At about 9 o‘clock.

            Chinese :________67__________?

            American:By plane first and then by train. It took me more than 30 hours altogether.

            Chinese :________68__________?

            American:Yes, very much. It‘s pleasant, especially the part on the train.

            Chinese :________69__________?

            American:Yes, a little, but not very much. And now I‘m feeling better after a nap.

            Chinese :________70__________?

            American:At the Grand Hotel, in the center of the city.

            Chinese :Oh, that‘s a nice hotel. Have a good sleep tonight. I’ll come and see you tomorrow.

           

            六、書面表達(共30分)

            提示:假設你是麗娜,光明中學的學生,你給你的好友小華寫信講述你的美國之行。內容包括:先去了紐約,看到許多摩天大樓,但看不到世貿大廈了;兩天后去了洛杉磯(Los Angeles),參觀了好萊塢,游了迪斯尼樂園;還去了內華達(Nevada)的里諾(Reno),游了風景優美的大滬(Dahu)湖;

            注意:(1)不要逐字翻譯,敘述要連貫;

            (2)寫信人的地址可自編;

            (3)詞數為100左右。

           

            參考答案

            一、語音知識

            1.A 2.C 3.A 4.A 5.B

           

            二、詞匯與語法知識

            6.D 7.A 8.C 9.B 10.C 11.C 12.C

            13.C 14.A 15.A 16.D 17.C 18.C 19.A

            20.B 21.C 22.D 23.B 24.D 25.B 26.A

            27.D 28.B 29.C 30.B

           

            三、完形填空

            31.D 32.B 33.A 34.C 35.C 36.D 37.B

            38.D 39.A 40.D 41.B 42.B 43.A 44.D

            45.B 46.A 47.C 48.B 49.C 50.A

           

            四、閱讀理解

            51.C 52.C 53.B 54.A 55.B 56.B 57.B

            58.C 59.B 60.B 61.C 62.A 63.C 64.B 65.D

           

            五、補全對話

            76.Did you arrive today

            77.How did you get here

            78.Did you enjoy your journey

            79.Do you feel tired after the long journey

            80.Where are you staying

           

            六、書面表達

            Guangming Middle School

            No. 273,Xinjiang Road,400537

            Helan District,Binhai,China

            July 15,2002

            Dear Xiao Hua,

            I have just come back from a trip to the United States. I had a very good time there.

            I first went to New York. It is really a very big city. I saw quite many skyscrapers there. But the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center are no more to be seen.

            Two days later I went to Los Angeles. I visited Hollywood on the day I got there. After that I spent a whole day in Disneyland. It is really a wonderful place you shouldn‘t miss.

            I also went to Reno,Nevada. There is a beautiful lake named Dahu. The scenery there is beautiful!

            I hope you will take a trip to the United States some day.

            Love,

            Lina

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